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Joomla - Overview

Joomla is an open source Content Management System (CMS), which is used to build websites and online applications. It is free and extendable which is separated into front-end and back-end templates (administrator). Joomla is developed using PHP, Object Oriented Programming, software design patterns and MySQL (used for storing the data).

Joomla - Installation

System Requirements for Joomla 3.x

  • Database − MySQL 5.1 +
  • Web Server
    • WAMP (Windows)
    • LAMP (Linux)
    • XAMP (Multi-platform)
    • MAMP (Macintosh)
    • Nginx
    • Microsoft IIS

Joomla - Architecture

Joomla is a Model-View-Controller web application. In this chapter, we are going to discuss about the architectural style of Joomla. The following diagram shows the architecture of Joomla.

Joomla - Control Panel

The Control Panel provides default features and functions of Joomla to access through clickable icons, menu bar etc. When you login to the Joomla administrative panel, you will get the screen as shown below. Important icons of control panel and their functions are marked in the following screen −

Joomla - Toolbar

In this chapter we will study about the various toolbar options in Joomla. Given below is a list of toolbars −
  • Article Manager Toolbar
  • Category Manager Toolbar
  • Media Manager Toolbar
  • Menu Manager Toolbar
  • Module Manager Toolbar

Joomla - Menus

Menu manager allows creating custom menus for your website and allows navigation through your website.
Step (1) − Click on MenusMenu Manager in Joomla administrator, you will get the following screen −

Joomla - Content Menu

In this chapter, we will study about menus present under the Joomla content. A drop-down menu is displayed when you click on Content Menu.

Joomla - Components Menu

In this chapter, we will study about Components Menu in Joomla. Click on Components Menu, a dropdown menu as shown below will be displayed −

Joomla - Extensions Menu

In this chapter, we will study about Extensions Menu in Joomla. Click on Extensions, a dropdown menu as shown below will be displayed −

Joomla - Help Menu

In this chapter, we will study about menus present in the Help Menu in Joomla. Click on Help, a dropdown menu as shown below will be displayed −

Joomla - Create Menus

In this chapter, we will study the step-by-step procedure of how to Create Menus in Joomla. Menus are the important part and help to navigate through your website easily.

Create Menus

Here are a few simple steps to create menus in Joomla.
Step (1) − Click MenusMenu ManagerAdd New Menu as shown below.